Wednesday, December 28, 2016

Why Healthcare Costs Are So High and Why Fixes Are So Difficult

A phenomenal post from Devon Herrick over at NCPA. The entire post is worth reading. Here is a portion: 
Lack of transparency is everywhere. Most of the health care stakeholders do not stand to benefit from transparency and cost-conscious patients. I spoke with a consultant who had a personal story about a family member who had recently undergone surgery. Rather than a low-cost ultrasound, the patient was wheeled in for a CT scan or MRI without a discussion of price or need. The more advanced diagnostic procedure was around $4,000 – even though MRIs/CT scans can be obtained for $400 elsewhere by paying cash. By the way, paying cash for an MRI when the insurers’ negotiated allowable price is, say, $3,000 results in the entire $400 not being counted towards the health plan deductible. 
Someone posed the question: why do large insurers not take a harder line on hospital prices? One consultant claimed it’s because the status quo makes them so much money they don’t want to rock the boat. Another consultant posited it’s because the health insurer charges employers more for claims than it reimburses hospitals for the service. His theory was: the higher the price; the bigger the opportunity to profit off the spread. 
One consult relayed how he had reviewed claims data and found self-insured employers are paying up to 250 percent of what Medicare pays for the same service. By direct contracting he has helped his clients get rates of 150 percent of Medicare’s price. Yet, it’s like pulling teeth to get TPAs to work with providers directly. Nowadays hospital list prices are double to triple what insurers ultimately pay for the service. Of course, list price are not real; they are a fiction to make it sound like insurers and employers are getting a bargain. The actual market price is more or less what health plans reimburse. But pity the poor soul who gets stuck paying the fictitious list price. 
Consumers are also the problem. For that matter, research has found workers do not comparison shop. When a decision support tool is available, research has found from two-thirds to three-fourths of workers either do not log in ever; log in only once or only twice. Other research has found when workers do use transparency tools, they use them to make decisions about whether they can afford the medical service — not to find better prices. Consumer use the price as a take it or leave it proposition. 
By the end of the evening it became clear there is plenty that can be done to lower the cost of medical care and get providers to compete on the basis of price, quality and other amenities. The problem is: nobody wants to. Workers think their employee health plan is a free perk that precludes them from having to shop. Employers are too busy pursuing their own business interests to upset the status quo. Doctors, hospitals and insurers make too much money off the current system to allow any disruption or creative destruction to threaten the gravy train. Increasingly, the gravy train is employers, who pay huge premiums for employer plans and then pass the cost on to workers in the form of lower take-home pay. Workers na├»vely believe their employee contributions are their total cost and the employer contributions are free gifts. They aren’t; health benefits reduces take-home pay and future pay raises....

Wednesday, December 7, 2016

The Stunning Inefficiency of Federalized Government Healthcare & Obamacare from Armstrong and Getty

Just over a week ago, Megan McArdle wrote a fantastic column for Bloomberg entitled, "The Enrollees Who Actually Didn't Even Need Obamacare."  I excerpted it here and discussed it with Joe Getty of the Armstrong and Getty Show.

This was their perfect, three-minute synopsis of what I see as the most glaring under-reported aspect of that story:

  

Thursday, December 1, 2016

My Visit with Michael Berry Re: Dr. Tom Price for HHS, Replacement and Obamacare Updates

Michael talks with Craig Gottwals from Benefit-Revolution.com about an Obamacare stat that will blow your mind. Sources say James Mattis has been selected as Trump's secretary of defense.

You may also listen here. My discussion begins about 5:30 in and continues to 34:30.  

Michael Berry can be heard mornings and afternoons on these stations.  
  

Wednesday, November 30, 2016

44% of the "Newly Covered Under Obamacare" Don't Need Obamacare. They'd Already Qualified Under Other Federal Welfare Provisions

This is a fascinating read from Megan McArdle over at Bloomberg:
[T]he largest effect [on the reduction in the uninsured] comes, not from the subsidies, nor from the mandate, nor even from the Medicaid expansion. The largest effect was due to that 'woodwork effect' -- about 44 percent....  [I]n which people who were previously eligible for Medicaid 'came out of the woodwork' and signed up for the program in 2014. ... 
We’ve always known that there was some 'woodwork effect,' in which people who were already eligible signed up because of some combination of easier signup procedures and the heightened publicity that surrounded Obamacare’s passage and implementation. But these are huge numbers; the woodwork effect is more than twice as large as the number of people who became eligible for Medicaid thanks to Obamacare’s more generous criteria. This suggests the possibility that the plurality of people who gained insurance thanks to the law technically didn’t need a new program to become insured; all they needed to do was to sign up for public insurance they already qualified for. 
The underscoring is mine.

Certainly undercuts the "you can't repeal it" cries ... by about 44%.
 

Wednesday, November 23, 2016

Judge Blocks Obama Administration's Overtime Rule

So much for a slow Thanksgiving week in benefits news:  

Judge blocks Obama rule extending overtime pay to 4.2 million U.S. workers
November 23, 2016 – Reuters
Excerpt: “A federal judge on Tuesday blocked an Obama administration rule to extend mandatory overtime pay to more than 4 million salaried workers from taking effect, imperiling one of the outgoing president's signature achievements for boosting wages. U.S. District Judge Amos Mazzant, in Sherman, Texas, agreed with 21 states and a coalition of business groups, including the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, that the rule is unlawful and granted their motion for a nationwide injunction. The rule, issued by the Labor Department, was to take effect Dec. 1 and would have doubled to $47,500 the maximum salary a worker can earn and still be eligible for mandatory overtime pay. The new threshold would have been the first significant change in four decades.”

Judge blocks Obama overtime rule, putting it in jeopardy
November 22, 2016 – The Hill
Excerpt: “The Labor Department’s contentious overtime rule was blocked Tuesday by a federal judge in Texas, putting one of President Obama’s top regulatory initiatives in jeopardy. In a 20-page order, Texas U.S. District Judge Amos Mazzant issued a temporary injunction halting the rule nationwide.”

FLSA overtime rule effective December 1 blocked by court
November 22, 2016 – Wolters Kluwer
Excerpt: “Late on November 22, a federal district court in Texas enjoined nationwide implementation of the Labor Department’s final overtime rule. The rule was to go into effect on December 1. Judge Amos Mazzant, ruling on a consolidated lawsuit brought by 21 states and a business coalition, concluded that the executive, administrative, or professional employee exemption contained in FLSA Sec. 13(a)(1) does not grant the Department the authority to utilize a salary-level test or an automatic salary updating mechanism under the rule. “With the Final Rule, the Department exceeds its delegated authority and ignores Congress’s intent by raising the minimum salary level such that it supplants the duties test. Consequently, the Final Rule does not meet [step one of the] Chevron [deference test] and is unlawful,” the court ruled (State of Nevada, et al v. Dept. of Labor, et al, Dkt. No. 4:16-CV-00731, Nov. 22, 2016).”
  

Friday, November 11, 2016

Friday Benefit Clips: Obamacare on the Ropes; Election Impact on Employment Law Issues; FMLA and Overtime Updates

Health Care Reform News:

Election Results Likely to Result in the End of the ACA as We Know It, But Employers and Plan Sponsors Should Stay the Course for Now
November 10, 2016 – Proskauer Rose LLP
Excerpt: “This is not a novel approach to effect healthcare legislation – the ACA itself was a product of budget reconciliation legislation passed after Democrats lost their Senate supermajority in 2010. Budget reconciliation legislation cannot be held-up by filibuster, but the subject of the legislation must be related to revenue. Non-revenue related provisions can be struck from this type of legislation.”

2016 Election – Impact on Compliance Issues
November 9, 2016 – BB&T Insurance Services
Excerpt: “Regardless of any future changes that may be made, employers that provide group health coverage for their employees must prepare for upcoming ACA deadlines. These may include…”

2016 End of Year Plan Sponsor “To Do” List Health & Welfare
November 9, 2016 – Snell & Wilmer
Excerpt: “The Health Care Reform Act created the transitional reinsurance program, which requires most self-insured health plans to make contributions to HHS for the 2014, 2015, and 2016 calendar years. The contribution amount is determined by the number of covered lives under each plan. The number of covered lives must be calculated and submitted to HHS by November 15 of each year. The third and final filing is due November 15, 2016 for the 2016 calendar year.”

2016 Reinsurance Contributions Review and Discussion Session
November 7, 2016 – The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
Excerpt: “Notable Changes for the 2016 Benefit Year…File no later than November 15, 2016 (to) submit the Form and schedule payment.”

Donald Trump Wins Presidential Election, Total Rewards & Business Changes Expected in New Administration
November 9, 2016 – World at Work
Excerpt: “Trump's positions on total rewards issues include a mix of traditional pro-business positions and some novel approaches to policy changes…”

ColoradoCare measure Amendment 69 defeated soundly
November 9, 2016 – The Denver Post
Excerpt: “Amendment 69, the ballot measure known as ColoradoCare that would have created a universal health care system in Colorado, was soundly defeated Tuesday night…Amendment 69 would have eliminated most private health insurance in the state and replace it with a taxpayer-funded cooperative known as ColoradoCare, which would have provided coverage to every single Colorado resident. It would have been paid for, largely, through a 10 percent payroll tax — workers at businesses would have been responsible for a third of the tax, while their employers would have picked up the rest; the self-employed would have paid the full 10 percent.”

ACA Compliance Alert: "Opt-Out Payments" to Employees Who Decline Employer Health Coverage
November 9, 2016 – Frost Brown Todd LLC
Excerpt: “The employee's "tax family" consists of the employee and all individuals the employee is reasonably expected to claim as a personal exemption on his or her individual tax return. One thing to note - this term can include individuals that are not eligible under the employer plan (e.g., dependents who are age 26 or older). When the requirements of an eligible opt-out arrangement are met, the opt-out payment is not considered for affordability purposes for the entire period of coverage to which the payment applies, even if the other coverage subsequently terminates for the employee or a member of the employee’s expected tax family.”

Hospital and Health System Health Benefit Plan Obligations Under New Nondiscrimination Rules: ACA Section 1557 and Requirements for Federal Contractors
November 7, 2016 – Alston & Bird LLP
Excerpt: “This impacts any entity (or health benefit plan) that receives federal financial assistance, including Medicare or Medicaid reimbursements. Two new regulations require some employers to make health plan design and administrative changes. While not all employers are subject to these requirements, those who are will need to review their plans and be aware of other obligations these rules impose…The Section 1557 regulations will impact employer-sponsored plans in several ways. Employers looking to assess application of Section 1557 to themselves or their health plan should determine whether they fit into any of these categories…”

NOT-130248-16: Sections 4375 & 4376 – Insured and Self-Insured Health Plans, Adjusted Applicable Dollar Amount for Fee Imposed by §§ 4375 and 4376
November 4, 2016 – The Internal Revenue Service
Excerpt: “The fee imposed by §§ 4375 and 4376 helps to fund the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) and is calculated using the average number of lives covered under the policy or plan and the applicable dollar amount for that policy year or plan year…The applicable dollar amount that must be used to calculate the fee imposed by §§ 4375 and 4376 for policy years and plan years that end on or after October 1, 2016, and before October 1, 2017, is $2.26.”

In Other News:


Can an Employer Require That an Employee Submit FMLA Certification from a Specialist to Support the Need for FMLA Leave?
November 4, 2016 – Franczek Radelet
Excerpt: “Therefore, a generic note even from the psychiatrist stating that the employee can return to work is not good enough. As the court also affirmed here, the employer has the right to insist that the health care provider review the job description for the position and confirm that the employee can perform those job duties. And, according to this court, the employer can require that this information be provided by the psychiatrist, as opposed to a primary care doctor.”

Overtime Changes Take Effect December 1, 2016
November 3, 2016 – BB&T Insurance Services
Excerpt: “A Department of Labor (DOL) final rule is set to increase the salary threshold for the “white collar overtime exemptions” to $47,476 per year. Recent challenges to the rule have left some questioning whether it will take effect on Dec. 1, 2016 as scheduled.”

FMLA Fraud Finding Leads To Employer Court Victory
November 3, 2016 – Fisher Phillips
Excerpt: “Further, the court noted that United showed no signs of bias against employees who took FMLA leave. In fact, in the two years prior to the investigation, the employer approved 56 days’ worth of intermittent leave requested by Sharif, never once rejecting his requests. “This is not the record of a company that is historically hostile to FMLA leave in any discernable way,” the court said.”
  

Thursday, November 10, 2016

Election Results Likely to Result in the End of PPACA

... To the extent that the ACA is limited or eliminated by these actions, there is then the question of what stands in its place. Throughout his campaign, President-elect Trump has made clear that he intends not just to repeal the ACA, but also replace it with something new. Concrete details are lacking at the moment, but the following are possible components of his replacement plan:
  • A cap on the employer deduction for health coverage provided to employees.
  • Individuals without employer-provided health coverage would receive a tax credit against the cost of coverage purchased on the individual market. The tax credit would not be an advanced premium credit, but would instead be taken in full when filing income tax returns.
  • Expansion of health savings accounts, including increased contribution limits, and improved price transparency from healthcare providers.
  • Insurance companies would be able to sell policies across state lines.
  • Provide block grants to states for Medicaid.
  • Allow consumer access to imported drugs meeting safety standards.
Ultimately, it is far too early to know exactly what President-elect Trump and the Republican-controlled Congress will do with respect to the repeal of the ACA and the enactment of new health care reform or what the impact of any of those changes will be....
 

Thursday, November 3, 2016

On Armstrong and Getty with a Diagnosis and Prognosis on Obamacare


You can also listen here

1) Costs and Obamacare Premiums
  • Total Obamacare price tag is still around $1.75 T - will be larger if the law is to survive.
  • When we last spoke in mid-August I told you employer plans were up 7% while Obamacare plans were up 18% to 23%. Well the final results are in and it is the higher end of my projection. 23 to 25% for most Exchange plans in 2017.
     Why?
    • Obamacare enrollees are 22% more costly than people covered through employer plans.
    • Medicaid expansion enrollees are 50% more expensive than originally projected.
2) How Many Are Covered?

We really don’t know. The CBO, Gallup, CDC and Census Bureau all ask different questions and come up with different answers. Even Covered CA simply takes the number of policies sold and multiplies by 1.7 for their “estimate.”

1. Are you uninsured right now?
2. Have you been uninsured for all of the last year?
3. Have you been uninsured at any point in the last year?

We are likely somewhere north of 10 million now but probably well less than 20 million total – and that includes the folks who have gained coverage due to the Medicaid expansion. CBO projects that 9 million were covered under Exchanges in 2016 (up from 8M in 2015).

3) Why it’s Failing

4) What needs to be done for a Governmental System like this to work? There are only two options to make Obamacare work at this point:
  • Turn on a firehose of money by increasing the individual and Employer Mandates by about three times and doubling subsidies to all entrants thereby running up another Trillion and an half dollars in costs. Or
  • Push to a centralized single-payer, Medicare for all type of system and force all of our healthcare workers to be paid substantially less – like European healthcare workers.
        Both of these are politically impossible, especially in our current climate.

5) Faith in Bureaucrats to Guard Your Tax Dollars?
  • In 2015 the Gov. Accountability Office conducted an audit of Obamacare Exchange safeguards by creating 18 fictitious applicants and applying for Obamacare with fake Social Securities (some starting with 000) or wholly fictitious people, created from thin air. 17 of 18 of them skated through with coverage.
  • Of course, HHS and the Exchanges said they’d do better in 2016. They didn’t. This year 16 of 16 made it through. This year GAO was able to befuddle Obamacare with expired IDs, partial documentation and fake people.
  

Friday, October 28, 2016

Friday Benefit Clips: New PPACA Enforcement; 25% Exchange Rate Increases; New FSA Limits and More

It was a particularly news-filled week in benefits, here are the highlights:  

Health Care Reform News
:

Average premiums for popular ACA plans rising 25 percent
October 24, 2016 – The Washington Post
Excerpt: “The 25 percent spike is the average increase, among 38 states that rely on the federal insurance exchange, for the health plans on which the tax credits are based — the policy in each part of the country that has the second-lowest rate among plans offering a “silver” tier of coverage…Among the states relying on HealthCare.gov, the typical number of plans available is declining by more than one-third, from 47 to 30. Competition is falling in all but four of those states, though the decrease varies significantly. In Florida, the average marketplace customer will actually have three more plan choices. In Arizona, however, the number of plans will plummet from 65 to four. And 21 percent of the customers shopping in the federal exchange will find only one insurance company, compared with just 2 percent for 2016.”

Health Care Information Reporting: Seven Things Employers Can Think About Now
October 26, 2016 – The Internal Revenue Service
Excerpt: “The ACA Assurance Testing System opens November 7, 2016 for tax year 2016 testing. Software developers – including employers and issuers who passed AATS for tax year 2015 – will not have to retest for tax year 2016; the Tax Year Software Packages will be moved into Production status. New participants need to comply with test requirements for tax year 2016.”

Another Party Enters ACA Enforcement and HIPAA Privacy and Security Enforcement Expands
October 25, 2016 – Winstead PC.
Excerpt: “Effective on and after October 13, 2016, employers need to watch their mail from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (“OSHA”) for notices related to ACA retaliation claims under the new regulatory framework for the retaliation claims. An individual can claim that there was an adverse employment action (discrimination up to and including termination) in retaliation for the individual’s claiming a right under Title I of the Affordable Care Act (“ACA”) or being a whistleblower complaining of a violation of Title I of the ACA.”

January 1st is Quickly Approaching – Have you Reviewed your Health Plan for Section 1557 Compliance?
October 24, 2016 – Jackson Lewis PC
Excerpt: “As we previously noted, the regulations may not directly apply to many employee health plans because neither the sponsoring employer nor the plan receives HHS funding. However, HHS has noted that it may refer discriminatory plans and employers to other government agencies (such as the EEOC), so it is a good idea for all plan sponsors to review their plans to see if any discriminatory provisions need to be amended or removed.”

In Other News:


Health FSA Limit Will Increase for 2017
October 26, 2016 – BB&T Insurance Services
Excerpt: “On October 25, 2016, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) released…the FSA dollar limit on employee salary reduction contributions to $2,600 for taxable years beginning in 2017.”

EEOC’s 2016 Wellness Program Regulations, The Saga Continues…
October 26, 2016 – Jackson Lewis PC
Excerpt: “This suit is the first to specifically challenge the EEOC’s 2016 ADA Rule and GINA Rule. AARP, which is a nonprofit organization dedicated to addressing the needs and interests of people age fifty and older, is concerned that older workers will be disproportionately affected by these regulations because older workers are more likely to have medical issues that would be disclosed to employers by medical questionnaires and could potentially expose these employee to discrimination by their employer.”

IRS adjusts 2017 LTCI and FSA limits
October 25, 2016 – LifeHealthPRO
Excerpt: “The new long-term care insurance deduction caps are given in IRS Revenue Procedure 2016-55, which gives the inflation-adjusted 2017 amounts for many different tax provisions. The 2016 amounts are in IRS Revenue Procedure 2015-53. The maximum amount an employee can contribute to a flexible spending arrangement will increase to $2,600, up 2 percent from the current flexible spending account contribution limit.”

Bay Area Employers Requirement to Offer Commuter Benefits Extended Indefinitely
October 25, 2016 – Wage Works
Excerpt: “On September 22, 2016, Governor Jerry Brown signed SB-1128 making the pilot program, with slight changes, permanent, meaning it DOES NOT expire on December 31, 2016…A Covered Employer is an employer that has 50 or more full-time employees (worked an average of at least 30 hours per week during the previous calendar month) who work within the nine San Francisco Bay Area counties of Alameda, Contra Costa, Napa, Solano, Sonoma, Marin, Santa Clara, San Mateo, and San Francisco.”
  

Friday, October 7, 2016

Friday Compliance Clips: What if an Employer Cannot Pay Its Obamacare Penalties and Final Forms for 2016 ACA Reporting Now Released

Section 4980H Penalties Are Looming – What if an Employer Cannot Pay, from Health Care Attorneys P.C.:
We are entering the last quarter of the 2016 calendar year which means the penalties related to section 4980H for 2015 will soon be assessed against employers. At the latest, the 2015 section 4980H penalties will be assessed in the first quarter of 2017. Whenever the penalties are assessed, the government will be presented, perhaps for the first time in history, with an interesting conundrum....



And from BB&T's Compliance Team: Final Forms for ACA Reporting Released. On Sept. 30, 2016, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) released the final 2016 Forms 1094-C and 1095-C used by applicable large employers (ALEs) to report under Internal Revenue Code (Code) Sections 6055 and 6056. The newly released forms finalized changes that were reflected in the 2016 draft forms, released on July 6, 2016.

As a reminder, ALEs will not have the extension to file they had in 2016 for 2015 forms. 2016 forms are due to employees/covered individuals by Jan. 31, 2017, and must be filed with the IRS by Feb. 28, 2017 (or March 31, 2017, if filing electronically).

Final instructions for the forms were also released and provide employers with a few clarifications, including the following:
  • Transition Relief: Certain transition relief was available to ALEs for 2015 under Section 4980H and Section 6056, but only limited transition relief remains for 2016. Any references to transition relief that applied to calendar year 2015 only have been removed and descriptions of the remaining forms of transition relief have been amended to clarify for which months in 2016 the transition relief applies.  
  • Aggregated ALE Groups: The final instructions provide employers with clarifying information on how filings by ALEs that are part of an Aggregated ALE Group, including clarification that each member of the group must file regarding its own full-time employees. The instructions also include an example on how to file for employees who work for more than one member of an Aggregated ALE Group.
  • COBRA (and other post-employment coverage): Clarifying language was added on how to report offers of COBRA and other post-employment (non-COBRA) coverage. Offers of COBRA or other post-employment coverage to former employees and their family members should not be entered as offers of coverage on Line 14. However, an offer of COBRA coverage to a current employee who remains employed should be entered as an offer of coverage.
  • Qualifying Offer Method: The instructions clarify ALEs using the Qualifying Offer Method may, but are not required to, enter a safe harbor code on Line 16 when using Code 1A on Line 14.
  • Code 1G: The instructions clarify Code 1G applies for the entire year or not at all. If Code 1G applies, an ALE should enter Code 1G on Line 14 of the 1095-C in the "All 12 Months" column or in each separate monthly box for all 12 months.
  • Affordability Safe Harbor Codes: The instructions clarify the affordability safe harbor codes should not be used on Line 16 of Form 1095-C for any month the ALE did not offer minimum essential coverage (MEC) to at least 95% of its full-time employees and their dependents.
For a detailed discussion of both the finalized forms and their accompanying instructions, please see our legislative alert here.
 

Thursday, October 6, 2016

New Employment Laws in California in 2017 | Summaries from Three Top Firms

From the Miller Law Group: (Hat tip to Jennifer Moore for the pointer.)
The 2015-16 California legislative session has come to a close, and of the hundreds of bills Governor Brown has signed, there are a number of important measures that will impact employers. Here is an overview of new workplace-related laws, organized by bill number. Unless otherwise specified, these laws take effect on January 1, 2017. ...
Here is Proskauer's take on the Golden State's new laws.

And this is from Carothers DiSante & Freudenberger LLP covering all employment-related bills signed and vetoed by the governor.

For solely a summary on the newly signed Health Laws, see the California Healthline summary.
 

Tuesday, September 13, 2016

GAO: PPACA and Medicaid are Epic Failures in Guarding Taxpayer Dollars

Full story from Allison Bell over at LifeHealthPro is absolutely worth reading, hat tip to Dr. Ryan Kennedy:
Investigators got either Medicaid coverage or the ACA exchange advanced premium tax credit premium subsidy for 17 out of 18 fake people in 2015, and they lost coverage for one when the investigator representing that fake person decided not to provide a fake Social Security number over the phone.  
Investigators got coverage approval for 15 out of 15 fake people this year, but ended up having trouble making premium payments for three of the fake people.
  

Monday, September 12, 2016

New California Law: Forcing Insurers to Get Doctor Lists Right

This is from Kaiser Health News
... [State Senator Ed] Hernandez, who chairs the California Senate Health Committee, is author of a newly enacted state law that aims to improve provider directories, long riddled with out-of-date and inaccurate information. 
Under the law, insurance companies — and health care providers ... must comply with new requirements to keep directories updated at least every quarter. 
The law, which took effect July 1, also provides patients with some firepower to fight surprise medical bills that result from directory errors. 
The law’s reach is broad: It applies to Covered California and private market plans, as well as Medi-Cal managed care and most job-based insurance policies. 
The inaccuracy of directories, Hernandez says, “has been and … seems to continue to be a problem that needs to be rectified.” 
Several other states, from Georgia to Maryland, have passed similar legislation or are considering doing so, says Claire McAndrew, private insurance program director for Families USA, a national health care consumer advocacy group. In some states, insurance commissioners have adopted new rules through the regulatory process. 
But California’s law “is the most comprehensive,” she says. “The level of detail in California goes beyond any other state.” Federal officials also instituted a rule this year requiring directories be updated monthly for all plans sold on the 37 state marketplaces run by the federal government. 
And they set new rules for Medicare Advantage plans, requiring that the companies contact doctors every three months and update their online directories within 30 days. A recent study in the journal Health Affairs found that provider directories for some health plans sold through Covered California and in the private market are so inaccurate that they create a “disheartening” situation for consumers trying to find doctors. 
That finding was confirmed this month when the state Department of Managed Health Care (DMHC) announced that Anthem Blue Cross and Blue Shield of California — which were previously fined for inaccuracies in their Covered California provider directories — still had “disappointing” directory problems. 
“We are optimistic and hopeful that the law … will help,” says department director Shelley Rouillard. 
Among the law’s new rules:
  • Health plans must update their printed directories at least every quarter and their online directories at least every week if providers report changes.
  • Provider directories must be posted online and be available to anyone, not just enrollees. Print directories must be available upon request.
  • The directories must “prominently” display directions for consumers who want to report inaccuracies. Upon receiving complaints, plans have 30 business days to makes changes, if necessary.
  • Providers must inform plans within five business days if they are no longer accepting new patients — or, alternately, if they will start accepting them.
  • Health plans can delay payments to providers who fail to respond to attempts to verify information.
The California law also gives consumers recourse. Let’s say you use a provider directory to find a doctor but you’re billed the out-of-network price because the directory was wrong. In that case, health plans must reimburse you the amount beyond what you would have paid to see an in-network doctor.

If you find yourself in this situation, first take your complaint to your plan, advises DMHC’s Rouillard. You will have at least 180 days from the date you received the bill to file a grievance. ...
 

Friday, September 9, 2016

Oof, Now Even the New York Times is Saying Obamacare Looks Like Medicaid

Hardly a ringing endorsement!

From Margaret Sanger-Katz writing at the New York Times, "Think Your Obamacare Plan Will Be Like Employer Coverage? Think Again":
[S]ix years into the health law, the reality is that a typical Obamacare plan looks more like Medicaid, only with a high deductible. The typical marketplace plan covers a small number of low-cost doctors and hospitals, and offers fewer frills than employer plans. The recent high-profile exits of many of the national insurers from markets around the country will only heighten the shift. ... 
When the first Obamacare plans were released for 2014, many experts and customers were surprised at how many featured very limited numbers of doctors and hospitals.
Three years later, and the trend has only intensified. Many of the companies providing employer-based coverage, like UnitedHealth Group, Aetna and Humana, which tended to offer broad networks, have been exiting the markets. ...
   

Thursday, September 8, 2016

UCLA Study: The Golden State's Healthcare is 70% Socialized

This is from California Healthline:
This year, taxpayers will cover about 70 percent of what is spent on health care in California, according to a new analysis released Wednesday by the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research.
Many people assume that the U.S. health care system is primarily supported by private dollars, such as insurance premiums from employer-based coverage, said Gerald Kominski, director of the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research and the study’s lead author.
But that’s no longer the case, at least in California — mostly because of its massive expansion of Medi-Cal, the state’s version of Medicaid, he said.
“There’s this myth that we have a mostly privately funded health care system, but we’re approaching a point in which almost three quarters of this system is funded by public money,” Kominski said. “Now a question to ask ourselves is: when do we reach the tipping point and say ‘this is essentially a public system?’”
Of $367 billion estimated to be spent on health care in the state in 2016, $260 billion will be from taxpayer money, according to the research.
Nationwide, public funds paid for about 45 percent of the country’s $3 trillion in health care expenditures in 2014 through public insurance programs such as Medicaid, Medicare and programs for low-income children, according to federal data. But that estimate may be too low — it’s probably closer to 65 percent as suggested in a separate national study, according to Kominski.
In California, Medicare and Medi-Cal alone account for roughly 47 percent of health care expenditures. ...
 

Wednesday, September 7, 2016

How the 2016 Presidential Election Could Impact Healthcare in America

This presidential election could bring some changes to the U.S. healthcare system.  As with all candidates in recent history, both of the two major party nominees have given lip service to controlling health care spending and reducing out-of-pocket expenses. 

Clearly, the Cadillac Tax appears to be doomed as both Hillary Clinton (D) and Donald Trump (R) support its repeal.  Even President Obama and our current congress have no desire to actually unleash that tax on Americans as evidenced by its original start date in 2018 (a full eight years after Obamacare was signed into law) and the recent delay to 2020.

The chart below provides a brief overview of each candidate’s proposed healthcare solutions:

Issue
Hillary Clinton (D)
Donald Trump (R)
PPACA (Health Reform Law)
Wants to expand PPACA
Wants to repeal PPACA
Cadillac Tax
Wants to repeal it
Wants to repeal it
Prescription Drugs
Supports elimination of tax breaks drug makers receive for direct-to-consumer advertising and supports allowing consumers to buy Rx from other countries
Supports freeing-up the market in prescription drugs with a reduction in some regulation and favors allowing consumers to buy Rx from other countries
Undocumented persons’ access to taxpayer subsidized healthcare
Would allow undocumented persons’ to buy healthcare in the PPACA Exchanges
Wants potential immigrants to prove they can pay for their own healthcare
Medicare for all
Would allow persons as young as 55 to buy into Medicare coverage
Has not stated support for this concept at this time
Coverage Across State Lines
Is open to allowing the sale of insurance policies across state lines but that is not officially part of the Democratic party platform
Would allow the sale of health insurance policies across state lines for both individuals and businesses
End of Tax Deduction Discrimination against Individuals (in favor of Businesses)
Unknown, but not currently part of the Democratic party platform
Would allow individuals who buy health insurance plans to deduct those costs, a provision that is solely reserved for businesses
Consumer Driven Healthplans (HRAs and HSAs)
Supports more transparency in healthcare but not necessarily greater use of consumer driven plans
Encourages the expansion of transparency and consumerism in healthcare via greater use of HSAs and HRAs
Medicaid
Would further expand Medicaid by having the federal government cover 100% of a state’s cost for such expansion over the next three years
Would not expand Medicaid, but instead would block grant federal Medicaid dollars to the states to allow them to manage each of their programs and budgets as they see fit
Expansion of PPACA “Affordability” Test for Dependents
Has expressed revisiting this issue to possibility redefine employer plan “affordability” to include some form of employer contribution for an employee’s dependents

Does not support the expansion of PPACA affordability standards for employers
Expansion of PPACA “Affordability” Test for Individuals
Would increase tax subsidies by lowering the maximum percentage of income that makes persons eligible for premium subsidies to 8.5%, from the current 9.5%
Does not support the expansion of PPACA affordability standards for individuals
Premium Price Controls
Would not empower the federal government to block or modify carrier premium increases

Of course, whether these platforms are achieved once one of the candidates is in office remains to be seen. Despite similar ambitions no president from either party has achieved goal of healthcare cost containment in modern history. At least with this chart, however, you can better understand how each candidate will attempt to tackle the problem.
  

Monday, September 5, 2016

Insurers Likely Lost $6 Billion in 2015 Individual Health Losses; Analysis

Ouch.  This is from Allison Bell over at LifeHealthPro:
...[B]ased on a review of statutory financial statements, ...[insurers]... lost money on individual health coverage in 41 states and the District of Columbia, and that they made money in nine states. 
Issuers in Texas, the state with the worst individual health losses, lost about $717 million, the analysts estimate. The analysts did not give premium revenue figures. ...
The analysts found 2015 Supplemental Health Care Exhibit filings for 194 companies. Of those, 133 reported losing money in the individual health market. 
The figures include both Affordable Care Act public exchange plans and off-exchange plans. 
The figures do not include retroactive adjustments the companies may have to make to reflect the cash received from or paid into the ACA reinsurance, risk adjustment and risk corridors programs. 
The analysts also estimate, based on data from statutory filings, public exchange enrollment reports and state regulators, that off-exchange policies are covering 7.5 million of the people with individual health coverage, and that ACA exchange plans are covering 12.7 million of the individual health insureds. ...
 

Friday, August 26, 2016

Insurers and Regulators Say ACA Proving Too Risky, Costly

This is from Dave Flessner writing at the Chattanooga Times Free Press (TN):
Tennesseans cannot afford 44 to 62 percent Obamacare price increases that will force them to make difficult decisions about their daily lives and their family budgets. They should not have to pay the price for a terrible health care law and the refusal by Democrats in Washington to see what is plainly obvious -- that Obamacare is failing. Sen. Lamar Alexander 
The price of individual health insurance coverage will increase next year by a record amount in Tennessee after state regulators agreed to the full amount of the rate increases requested by the three health insurers still offering exchange plans under Obamacare. 
But even with a 62 percent rate hike in 2016, the state's biggest health insurer is still evaluating whether to stay in the program, and Tennessee's insurance commissioner said Tuesday she worries about whether the state can maintain a competitive marketplace under Obamacare. U.S. Sen. Lamar Alexander, R-Tenn., the chairman of the Senate Health Committee, said the rate increases are too costly for Tennesseans, and Obamacare, at least in its current version, "cannot be allowed to continue." 
BlueCross BlueShield of Tennessee, the state's biggest health insurer, estimates it will have lost nearly $500 million on its individual exchange plans by the end of this year. Even with the state allowing BlueCross to more than double its rates in three years, BlueCross officials said they are still studying whether it makes sense to keep offering Obamacare coverage in 2017 or abandon the program and leave much of Tennessee without any coverage under the marketplace exchanges. 
"We continue to have concerns about uncertainties about the Affordable Care Act at the federal level and those concerns are leading us to keep all of our options open as it relates to participation in the 2017 marketplace," BlueCross Senior Vice President Roy Vaughn said Tuesday. "Despite ACA marketplace plans being a fairly small part of our business, they have continued to have out-sized losses and that is no longer sustainable. And from our standpoint, the Affordable Care Act is as risky as ever, if not more so for consumers and health insurers alike." 
BlueCross in Tennessee debuted its individual marketplace policies in 2014 with the second lowest rates of any insurer in the country. But after capturing the biggest share of the market, the Chattanooga-based BlueCross lost $311 million in the first two years of Obamacare and raised its rates 19 percent in 2015 and 36 percent this year before requesting another 62 percent hike in premiums for next year. 
After other insurers exited the market, state regulators agreed to allow BlueCross and other insurers to get their full requested rate increase for next year. 
Cigna and Humana are the only two other health insurers in the marketplace exchange in Tennessee and both got approval Tuesday for rate increases of more than 44 percent for 2017.
"There are significant risks for these companies beyond the rates and premiums that we can control and the companies told us they were worried about their current footprint and they certainly weren't interested in expanding their footprint until the market stabilizes," McPeak said. ...